If we want to print “Python Lessons” on the screen ten times, we need to use the `print()` function ten times.

That’s what we’re going to do with Python loops. There are two different types of loops; `while` and `for`, I will also touch on the `range()` and `len()` functions and `break`, `continue` and in statements that we need in these loops.

## `while` loop

It is a type of loop that allows us to rerun the code we wrote in Python. The working logic is that the `while` loop is repeated every time, if it satisfies the condition, it enters the loop again, if it does not, the loop ends, let’s show it with an example; Let’s print the numbers between 0 and 10 on the screen.

``````number = 0
while number <= 10:
print(number)
number = number + 1
``````

Let’s examine the codes in order. In the first line, we created a variable called `number` and set its value to zero. In the second line, the loop repeats as long as the value of the number variable is less than and equal to 10.

In the third line, we printed the `number` variable on the screen, and in the fourth line, we increased the number variable by one.

How the program will work;

First, the value of the `number` variable is zero, it will compare it with ten, if it is small and equal, it will enter the loop, first print the zero value on the screen, then increase the `number` variable by one, the new value of the `number` variable will be one, and it will come to the beginning of the loop again. In the same way, it will compare with the value of ten, print the new value on the screen and increase the value by one, until the value of the `number` variable is greater than ten, and it will end the loop.

## `for` loop

Another loop in Python Loops is the `for` loop. Functioning the same as the `while` loop, the usage of this loop is slightly different, but the functions are the same. Let’s print the numbers up to 10, which we did with the `while` loop, with the `for` loop;

``````for number in range(0, 11):
print(number)
``````

Here, too, the variable is a `number`, and the condition is that the number variable is between 0 and 10. Let’s show it with another example.

``````for letter in "Python":
print(letter)
``````

Now that we’ve seen both types of loops in the Python Loops topic. If you ask which one is better to use, the two do not have an advantage over each other. While the `while` loop is better in one application, the `for` loop may be more advantageous in another application.

## `range` function

`range(start value, end value, change amount)`

• `range(10)`: Specifies numbers in the range from 0 to 9. It defaults to 0 because we do not specify the initial value, and 1 by default because we do not specify the change amount. And another thing to note is that it does not include the end value.

• `range(2, 20, 2)`: contains numbers in the form of binary increments of numbers from 2 to 19.

• `range(20, 2, -2)`: Includes numbers from 20 to 2 with binary decrement

## `in` operator

Example:

`for number in range(20):`

where the `number` variable takes all values between 0 and 19.

## `len` function

Example:

``````text = "Python"
print(len(text))
``````

or in list:

``````list =[2, 36, "Python", 2, 5]
print(len(list))
``````

## `break` statement

``````username = "baransel"
total_tries = 3

while total_tries > 0:
total_tries -= 1

print("You have successfully logged into the system.")
else:
print("User information is incorrect, try again!")
``````

When we enter the username and password correctly, it still asks us for the username and password, but when we enter the information we want correctly, let’s log in and the process ends, let’s use the `break` statement for this;

``````username = "baransel"
total_tries = 3

while total_tries > 0:
total_tries -= 1

print("You have successfully logged into the system.")
break
else:
print("User information is incorrect, try again!")
``````

## `continue` statement

``````for number in range(20):
if number % 2 == 0:
continue
else:
print(number)
``````

Here, if the number is dividing the variable by 2, the interpreter will skip the conditions in which the number variable is divided by 2, thanks to the continue statement, and come to the beginning of the loop.